Women need to check their health according to age. The important health checks you need will help reduce your risk of serious illness. Here’s the doctor’s guide on how to check up on women by age.
From 12 to 18 years old
At the age of 12, girls usually show signs of puberty and start menstruating at age 13, but this can vary from 11 to 15 years old. If your child has not had a pubertal change (such as breasts not protruding at the age of 13 and no periods by the age of 15), parents should take the child to be examined for the cause of delayed puberty.
In addition, the baby’s eyes and teeth should also begin to be checked regularly from this age, and last for life.
In addition to routine immunization schedules, based on available evidence and because cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in women under 35 years of age, doctors recommend that girls as young as 12 years of age get vaccinated. Get HPV before having sex. The HPV vaccine helps prevent cervical cancer and genital warts.
From 18 to 24 years old
At this age, if women are sexually active, they should be screened for their risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Chlamydia infection is important to check for at this age because it is common among people aged 18-24. It is easy to detect and treat with antibiotics.
From 25 to 39 years old
At this age, diet and exercise should be part of your daily routine. Making healthy lifestyle changes now will help you maintain good health for many years to come.
Especially, at this age, awareness of breast changes is very important and it is necessary to equip yourself with the ability to self-check for abnormalities in the chest area. Changes that occur including in the nipples, lumps … are early signs that need to be checked by the doctor.
Women this age should have a Pap smear every three years, and this should be done regularly until age 49. If you’re on birth control pills, check your blood pressure and weight to avoid affecting your fertility. hormone. In addition, women of this age also need to check the iron in the body because iron deficiency will cause symptoms of fatigue and low body energy. If the results show that the body is iron deficient, then only iron supplements or dietary changes (if the condition is mild).
This is the time when women consider having children or not. Therefore, check your general health first to supplement the necessary nutrients before conception. In particular, if you have thyroid problems or diabetes or are taking birth control pills, it can affect fertility.
From 40 to 60 years old
This is the time when you should have regular checkups for your blood pressure, blood sugar, bone health, and cholesterol (blood fats).
From age 50 onwards, the risk of breast cancer is also higher. Regular mammograms should be performed every three years. Statistics show that breast cancer affects 1 in 9 people in this age group. Therefore, examining the changes associated with it will be of great help in reducing the impact of the disease.
From 60 and up
From this age, women should not skip an annual eye exam, to check for eye pressure, cataracts and degeneration.
In addition, it is also necessary to monitor intestinal health every two years.
To maintain bone health, women at this age should get enough calcium and vitamin D. Depending on family history, doctors will recommend osteoporosis screening for women in this age group.